Welcome to another edition of English Corner, my name is Rifki Kusmana. A few inspirational articles came out in Indonesian, so I decided to translate them into English for all to enjoy. Here’s some of them.
For you, Teacher
Among the messages of piety are remembering and not forgetting the kindness of others. Especially the kindness of parents and the services of the teacher. This is part of the gratitude for the blessings that Allah has commanded. God forbid forgetting it. On November 25, every year, the Indonesian people commemorate National Teacher’s Day. This is in response to the word of God:
لَا ا الۡفَضۡلَ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ ا لُوۡنَ
And do not forget the good between you. Indeed, Allah is All-Seeing of what you do.” (Q.S. Al Baqarah: 237)
The verse is in a special context regarding an ex-couple. No matter how good your Ex was, it should not be forgotten. Especially with the fruit of love in the form of children. Even if there are a few wounds that are scratched, the important thing to do is remember Al-Fadhla: goodness or merit and be grateful for the fruit of that virtue.
Reluctance to get used to recognizing the merits of people and unwillingness to appreciate will form a foundation of denial of Allah. Then become a man who is not good at being grateful as the Prophet SAW said:
“Whoever is not grateful to others, is not grateful to Allah.” (HR At Tirmidhi and Ahmad)
As for past relationships with teachers, the written marks are actually the points of alms that are wider and more numerous than material ones. While the scratches are almost nil. Because, if there are sanctions given to students, the spirit and nature is a form of affection. The fruit will be picked in the future continuously. The Qur’an reveals,
اِنَّا الۡمَوۡتٰى ا ا اٰثَارَهُمۡؕؔ لَّ اَحۡصَيۡنٰهُ اِمَامٍ
“Indeed, We bring the dead to life, and We write down what they did and the traces they left behind. Everything We collect in the real master book (Lauh Mahfuz).” (Surah Yassin: 12).
A good understanding of “atsar” (used) related to teacher knowledge is also called khairan (goodness in general), and hudan, namely direction to the right path.
ا لَى انَ لَهُ اْلأَجْرِ لُ تَبِعَهُ، لاَ لِكَ شَيْئًا
“Whoever calls to a guide, he will have a reward like the rewards of those who follow him, that does not reduce the rewards of those who follow him in the slightest. (HR. Muslim).
Regarding teacher services, Sayyidina Ali Karamullahu wajhah once mentioned the definition which means: “A teacher is a person who teaches you, even if it is only one letter.”
Thank God our culture does not recognize former teachers even though there are former students. Not a few, even students who later became teachers and some even became great teachers. Of course atsar or the first teacher has been very long and so continue until the end of time.
The capital is to acknowledge the existence of teachers in the history of our lives. Then inform and tell our children and grandchildren. Besides, we are also grateful by praying for the abundance of maghfirah and grace from Rabbil ‘alamin for the teachers of the murabbi. As well as for foster care institutions with their descendants, both students and students who continue the struggle.
By: M Rizkhon Al-qorni
Mujaharah With Disobedience
We often hear news about people who like to commit disobedience openly. Things that violate the Shari’a and are very embarrassing are done in the open. Or even partially disseminated through social media
Such actions in syar’i terms are called mujaharah. In the book Fathul Bari (10/487) by Imam Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani it is explained that there are 3 kinds of mujaharah:
- Showing disobedience
- A person who commits an immoral act and Allah Ta’ala has covered up the immoral act but he actually exposes his sinful act. People who commit disobedience tell of their disobedience because they are proud or because they ignore the curtain that Allah has given them.
An example is a number of young people going abroad. One of them committed a heinous act (zina) and drank khamr. Then he told his immoral acts to his friends who were ugly because of pride and being disdain for the curtain that Allah had given him.
- Wicked people who tell each other their disobedience.
According to Dr. Muhammad bin Sa’ad Al-Ashimi, Professor of Ad-Dirosaat Al-‘Ulya, Faculty of Sharia at Ummul Qura University, the forms of mujaharah with munkar today include cinema, showing off genitals on media screens, mixing between men and women who are not mahrams, invitations to dance or dance, open fields of westernization, eradicate religious symbols, and spread adultery through social media.
Mujaharah with disobedience is strictly prohibited in Islamic law. Allah Ta’ala says,
“Indeed, those who wish that (the news of) the most abominable act should spread among the believers, for them will be a painful punishment in this world and in the hereafter. And Allah knows, while, you do not know.” [An-Nur: 19]
In this verse Allah Ta’ala has threatened those who like to spread evil in the midst of human society. Then what about the person who commits an evil and announces it and opens it to the public?
Imam Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated a hadith from Salim bin Abdillah, he said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah say,
Every one of my ummah will be forgiven, except mujaahirin (those who do mujaharah, pent). And including the act of mujaharah (openly sinning) is someone who commits (sin) at night, then in the morning he tells it, even though Allah has covered his actions.
Instead he said, ‘O So and so, last night I did this and that.’ Actually at night his Lord had covered him, but in the morning he revealed what Allah had hidden from him.”
Dr. Abdullah bin Hamad As-Sakakir, Professor and Head of the Department of Jurisprudence at the Faculty of Sharia, Al-Qasim University asserts that mujaharah is a greater sin and has a worse effect on society than the act of sin in secret.
Even mujaharah is another sin that is added to the sin itself, because of its bad influence on society. Among the bad influences are:
- Mujaharah motivates sinners to commit immorality
- Eliminate the ugliness of immorality from the soul in the long run. If the soul is accustomed to seeing something, the soul will become familiar with it.
- Mujaharah is a form of open resistance to Allah Ta’ala with immorality.
- The sinner in secret does not harm anyone but himself, and if he does so openly, it will cause harm to others.
By: Charis Abdussalam, S. Kom. I
Rights mean property, property and something that exists and is certain, as stated in Surah Yasin verse 7:
“Indeed, the word (of Allah’s decree) will certainly apply to most of them, but they do not believe.” Q.S Yasin :7.
لَقَدْ الْقَوْلُ لٰٓى اَكْثَرِهِمْ لَا
The jurists differ on the definition of rights. There are scholars who interpret rights to include things that are material in nature, while on the other hand there are those who link them to things that are non-material, such as the terms the rights of Allah SWT and the rights of servants. There are also those who say that rights are rights to property and everything that is born from a contract, such as buying and selling. In a sale and purchase contract, the law is to transfer ownership of the object being traded, while the rights are the delivery of goods and prices.
According to its function, rights are intermediaries to achieve certain benefits. The right itself is not a benefit, but is a way to achieve benefit. Thus a right should not be used to harm others, because harming others is not a benefit. In this case, the jurists make a rule that reads la darara wa la dirar, in exercising rights, other people must not be harmed and must not be harmed by others. In addition, these rights are not allowed to be used for purposes that are not recognized by the syarak. For example, based on the rights that he has, a person forbids usury or aborts zakat by making a grant before reaching his haul (one year period).
These personal rights are quite numerous in number and form, both material and meaningful. The determination of the specificity of these rights is obtained by humans through the provisions of sharia. Therefore, these rights may not be aborted by others, except in a way that is also justified by syarak. For example, if a person has a right to a piece of land based on a valid transaction with another person, then his/her right to the land cannot be aborted by another person, except in a way that is justified by syarak as well. For example, the land he sells, waqf or taken by the government because it is needed.
In the case that has been discussed above, this is useful for the public interest. The taking of rights to someone’s property by the government can be justified by syarak in a reasonable form and way also in the interest of the general public. This of course can be done with compensation from the government to the land owner fairly.
Another example is inheritance rights. If someone kills the father, then the child legally gets the inheritance from the property left by the father. Inheritance rights are determined based on syarak. But because of the death of the father by his own son, the syarak aborts the inheritance rights of the child, because in one of the hadiths of the Prophet SAW it is said: “Those who kill do not have the right to inherit.” (HR. Abu Dawud)
Source: Encyclopedia of Islam, Basri M. Jaelani
And that’s it for today’s English Corner, I hope you have enjoyed this article and I hope to see you again, someday, Thank you for reading.